Urban Economics > References > 2007

    
References > 2007

 
 
  • Boix, Rafael and Galletto, Vittorio (2007):
    Distretti industriali e innovazione in Spagna”, Sviluppo Locale nº 28, p.3-31. ISBN: 88-7011-902-5.

    Abstract: The links between innovation and the characteristics of the territory is one of the least explored issues in the economic literature. In this research, we analyse and exhaustive database of patents granted in Spain between 2001 and 2006 aggregated in a panel of 806 local labour market areas classified by seven typologies of local production systems. The analysis shows that Marshallian industrial districts generate 30 per cent of Spanish patents and an innovative output per capita that is 47 per cent above the national average and 31 per cent larger than the manufacturing production systems of large firms. The econometric estimates of a fixed-effects models confirm the existence of an Innovation-district effect (I-district effect) mainly related to the presence of Marshallian localization economies.
     

  • Boix, Rafael and Trullén, Joan (2007):
    Knowledge, networks of cities and growth in regional urban systems”, Papers in Regional Science, Vol. 86, nº 4, p.551-574. ISSN 1056-8190.

    Abstract: Recent theories of regional growth and local development emphasise the roles of agglomeration and knowledge as the main determinants of growth, whereas the theories of the networks of cities remark that growth is a process not only within cities but also between cities. The objective of this paper is to measure the factors that affect the evolution of different intensities of knowledge in a region’s cities. An adaptation of the OECD knowledge classification is used to divide the industries by knowledge intensity and to model the determinants of these intensities in a spatial context. Results suggest that higher growth rates are associated with higher levels of technology and knowledge. The growth of the different kinds of knowledge is related to local and spatial factors (agglomeration and network externalities) and each knowledge intensity show a particular response to these factors.
     

  • VVAA (2007):
    Territorio y actividad económica”, Ministerio de Industria, Turismo y Comercio, Subdirección General de Estudios y Planes de Actuación.

    Abstract: Territorio y Actividad Económica es un atlas recopilatorio de las actividades del Ministerio de Industria, Turismo y Comercio (MITYC) desde un enfoque territorial que persigue ofrecer, mediante mapas temáticos, un resumen gráfico de la realidad en materias incluidas directa o indirectamente en el ámbito competencial del Ministerio.
     

  • Boix, Rafael and Vittorio Galletto (2007):
    Innovation and industrial districts: a first approach to the measurement and determinants of the I-district effect”, XXXIII Reunión de Estudios Regionales. León, 15-16 de noviembre de 2007

    Abstract: Why the rates of innovation per capita in the Spanish Marshallian Industrial Districts are higher than in the other Local Production Systems (including the Manufacturing Local Production Systems of Large Firms)? We analyse an exhaustive database of patents granted in Spain between 2001 and 2006 aggregated in a panel of 806 Local Labour Markets classified in seven typologies of Local Production Systems. Our analysis show that Marshallian Industrial Districts generates 30% of Spanish patents and an innovative output per capita 47% above the national average and 31% larger than the Manufacturing Local Production Systems of Large Firms. The econometric estimates of a fixed effects model confirm the existence of an Innovation-district effect (I-district) and its size. The I-district effect is mainly related to the presence of Marshallian district economies (specialization, specialized suppliers and social capital) and to a lesser extent to urbanization economies (density although not local market size). However, no solid evidence is found between patent intensity and other knowledge variables as university graduates, knowledge-intensive industries or ICT.
     

  • Boix, Rafael and Vittorio Galletto (2007):
    Innovation and industrial districts: a first approach to the measurement and determinants of the I-district effect”, EUNIP International Conference 2007, Prato - Florence, 12-14th September 2007.

    Abstract: Why the rates of innovation per capita in the Spanish Marshallian Industrial Districts are higher than in the other Local Production Systems (including the Manufacturing Local Production Systems of Large Firms)? We analyse an exhaustive database of patents granted in Spain between 2001 and 2006 aggregated in a panel of 806 Local Labour Markets classified in seven typologies of Local Production Systems. Our analysis show that Marshallian Industrial Districts generates 30% of Spanish patents and an innovative output per capita 47% above the national average and 31% larger than the Manufacturing Local Production Systems of Large Firms. The econometric estimates of a fixed effects model confirm the existence of an Innovation-district effect (I-district) and its size. The I-district effect is mainly related to the presence of Marshallian district economies (specialization, specialized suppliers and social capital) and to a lesser extent to urbanization economies (density although not local market size). However, no solid evidence is found between patent intensity and other knowledge variables as university graduates, knowledge-intensive industries or ICT.
     

  • Trullén, Joan (2007):
    "La nueva política industrial española: innovación, economías externas y productividad", Economía Industrial 363, p.17-31.


    Abstract: En este artículo se presentan de manera sintética los fundamentos económicos de la nueva política industrial española. Nos encontramos en un proceso de transición industrial, de cambio de nuestra función de producción hacia un nuevo modelo en el que el conocimiento y la innovación tienen, para el conjunto de sectores productivos, un papel decisivo.
     

  • Boix, Rafael and Vittorio Galletto (2007):
    "Districtes industrials", Memòria Econòmica de Catalunya 2007, p.203-204.

    Abstract: Mapa dels districtes industrials de Catalunya i comaparació amb els de la resta d'Espanya.
     

  • Boix, Rafael (2007):
    Economic Competitiveness policies undertaken by the Autonomous Region of Madrid”, report for the OECD Territorial Reviews: Madrid, Spain. OECD, Paris (mimeo).

     

  • Rafael Boix and Trullén, Joan (2007):
    "
    Knowledge externalities and networks of cities in creative metropolis: the case of the metropolitan region of Barcelona", 47th Congress of the European Regional Science Association, Paris August 29th - September 2nd, 2007.

    Abstract: Cities and metropolitan areas are our main engine of production and development. They have long concentrated and coordinated the use of urbanized land, labor and capital. Metropolitan areas produce, process, exchange and market the main amount of knowledge and creativity in the world. At the same time they generate agglomeration economies and obtain spatially mobile network economies from their links with other cities. Departing from the fact that metropolitan growth is the sum of the growth of the cities that form the metropolitan area, the present research explores why some metropolitan cities grow faster than others. The hypothesis is that the differential growth of the metropolitan cities is related to the existence of external economies within and between cities many of which arises from knowledge and creativity. The objective of the research is to understand and model how the external economies affect the intrametropolitan urban growth with special attention to the effects of knowledge and creativity and their transmission across the metropolitan urban system.
     

  • Boix, Rafael (2007):
    Concepto y delimitación de áreas metropolitanas: una aplicación a las áreas metropolitanas de España”, Seminario Las grandes áreas metropolitanas españolas en una perspectiva comparada, Sevilla, 11 de Abril de 2007.

    Abstract: El objetivo de esta investigación es la identificación de áreas metropolitanas en España utilizando una adaptación de la metodología dinámica utilizada en los Estados Unidos por el Census Bureau, y basada en datos de población, ocupación y flujos de movilidad diaria residencia trabajo (commuting). El texto se divide en cinco apartados. Tras la introducción, el epígrafe 2 revisa los trabajos empíricos en Estados Unidos y España. El epígrafe 3 propone una metodología dinámica para la identificación de áreas metropolitanas en España. En el epígrafe 4 se exponen los resultados de la aplicación de la metodología usando datos del Censo de Población de 2001. Se identifican 67 áreas metropolitanas en España, que contienen el 49% de los municipios españoles (3.969 municipios), el 75,6% de la población española (30.876.543 residentes) y el 77,2% de la ocupación española (12.599.783 ocupados). Existen cinco áreas metropolitanas que superan el millón de habitantes, centradas en Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Sevilla y Bilbao. Estas cinco áreas contienen el 12,9% de los municipios españoles (1.049 municipios), el 35,5% de la población española (14.506.823 residentes) y el 38% de los ocupados de España (6.219.367 ocupados). Finalmente, se exponen las conclusiones.
     

  • Boix, Rafael and Vittorio Galletto (2007):
    The new map of the industrial districts in Spain and the comparison with Italy and the United Kingdom: improving international comparison of industrial districts with common methodologies”, “Regions in Focus?” – Regional Studies Association International Conference, Lisbon, Portugal, 2nd – 5th April 2007.

    Abstract: The identification of the boundaries of the industrial districts is necessary to perform empirical and quantitative analysis. The maps of industrial districts allow not only the analysis of particular districts but rather a comprehensive overview of the importance of this phenomenon in a country, its typologies, spatial distribution, and cross country comparisons. Italy is the country where a greater number of specific methodologies for the identification of industrial districts have been developed. The most commonly accepted of these methodologies is the Sforzi-ISTAT one, an algorithm which departing from local labour markets and activity data, provide a first operative approximation to mapping industrial districts. The former Sforzi-ISTAT methodology (1996 and 1997) was evaluated as the most suitable to draw the first map of Marshallian industrial districts in Spain (Boix and Galletto 2004 and 2006). This map allowed for the fist time the evaluation of the quantitative dimension of the industrial districts in Spain and their characteristics, as well as the comparison with other countries. At the end of 2005, the ISTAT revised and improved the methodology for Italy. The objective of this research is the elaboration of a new map of industrial districts for Spain using the new Sforzi-ISTAT (2006) methodology, and its comparison with similar maps for Italy and United Kingdom. The results confirm the quantitative importance of the Marshallian industrial districts in Spain (205 industrial districts which add up to 20% of total jobs and 35% of manufacturing jobs in Spain), close to the Italian figures and greater than those of United Kingdom. The results also allow comparing the main similarities and differences among the characteristics of the industrial districts in these countries.
     

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